英语什么时候用否定前移

来源:学生作业帮助网 编辑:作业帮 时间:2019/12/16 15:19:13
英语什么时候用否定前移英语什么时候用否定前移英语什么时候用否定前移以下是引用珠峰石在2007-4-2522:27:00的发言:关于否定前移的问题,可能大家都知道,在宾语从句中如果主句是Ithink,那

英语什么时候用否定前移
英语什么时候用否定前移

英语什么时候用否定前移
以下是引用珠峰石在2007-4-25 22:27:00的发言:
关于否定前移的问题,可能大家都知道,在宾语从句中如果主句是I think ,那否定时要否定从句的,并且要把否定词放在
主句中,我们叫否定前移,如I think you are right.否定句应为I don't think you are right.汉语是我认为你不对.
可这里有一道题:I think there ____any paper money in the future.
A.will be B.will have C.won't be D.won't have
这道题的答案是C,我感觉很怪,难道这句话中不用否定前移了吗?请哪位高人指点.另外,如果主句是其它人称的话
否定句应该怎么去改呀,如:Susan_____ there ______be less pollution in several years.
A.thinks;won't B.doesn't think ;will C.thought;won't D.thought;will
这道题的答案是B,是不是这样的句子只能否定主句啊,也就是说只能选B而不能选A呀?请指教
嘿嘿!否定前移!好象铁律似的!
钱歌川疑难解答中有讲解.并非铁律!
我认为所谓的否定前移是相对于汉语表达法而言的.
汉语一般说:我认为你不对.几乎没听到过一个纯中国人(没有接触过洋文的中国人)说:我不认为你是对的.
而英语中表达这样的意思,一般说:I don't think you are right.因此有语法学家就总结出这么一个规律:否定前移.这条语法规则经老师重复几十遍,做了几十题之后,就以为这是法律,任何句子不得违反了!
我认为,这是老外的一种委婉的表达方法.思考一下,它是不是比:I think you are not right.要来得委婉呢?
I don't think you are right.是你是对的,只是我不这么认为而已.我有可能是错误的.
而I think you are not right.你是不对的,我就是这么认为的.怎么了?到哪里我都这么说!
从这一点上讲,老外比我们文明,你也可以说是虚伪!
至于这道题目:
I think there ____any paper money in the future.
A.will be B.will have C.won't be D.won't have
没有考你这方面的问题,你也不用去怀疑它的正确性了.将来不会再有什么纸币了,我就是这么认为的,到哪里我都这么说.不会伤你感情吧?没有人不高兴吧?那“否定前移”个啥呢!
Susan_____ there ______be less pollution in several years.
A.thinks;won't B.doesn't think ;will C.thought;won't D.thought;will
这题不是你出的吧?出这题的人中毒很深了!现在他/她当了老师(考官),总算媳妇熬成婆了,嘿!这下是我考你们了.
答案就一个,谁不按我的意思去选,扣你分!哈哈!
记住了:否定前移!
否定词不否定它所靠近的成分而否定远离它的后续成分,这种现象叫做否定转移.否定转移通常发生在以下情况中:
(1)在含间接引语的句子中,当主句的谓语动词是think,believe,suppose,expect,imagine等表示“自信、认为”等臆测意义的动词时,它们前面的not通常是否定间接引语的.如:
I don't think there is anything of interest in your picture.
再如:I don't believe you two have met yet.(=I believe you two haven't met yet).
这种句子的反意疑问句的反意部分要用肯定形式:
I don't believe you two have met,have you?
(2)连系动词appear,seem,feel as if(like),look as if(like),sound as if (like)等在句中的谓语否定也属否定转移.
It doesn't seem that they can get their belongings back.(=It seems that they can't get their belongings back.)
[解题过程]
所以请注意记住
当主句中有 :I think ( suppose ,expect ,believe ,imagine ,guess ) 时.应当否定 这些词,其实就是对后面从句的否定 ,应当注意的是主语必须是 "I " ,其他主语同于一般动词的否定.如:I don't think you are right .(我认为你不对.)
I don't believe they will win the game .(我相信他们不会赢得这场比赛.)
She supposed that we couldn't arrive so early .( 他认为我们不会到到达如此早.)